We advise you on Spanish inheritance tax law, gift tax law, donation, inheritance, estate, heirs, inheritance law, estate arrangements such as wills, as well as on estate administration in Spain. There is hardly any other area of ??law that puts as much financial strain on citizens as inheritance and gift tax law. Clever and forward-looking planning and designing the estate during your lifetime can achieve astonishing savings, but even after the inheritance has occurred, clever advice can avoid errors that can lead to greater financial damage.
There is no agreement between Germany and Spain in the area of ??inheritance and property law to avoid double taxation (in short: double taxation agreement). This means, for example, that the heirs or gift recipients of a German property owner in Spain have to pay inheritance or gift tax both in Germany and in Spain. Wise and forward-looking estate arrangements can reduce, if not avoid, unnecessary taxation.
Every German who inherits assets in Spain or obtains them through gifts, especially real estate, is subject to inheritance tax or gift tax in Spain. This tax liability depends on where you live. There is no agreement between Germany and Spain to avoid double taxation in inheritance and gift tax law. This means, for example, that in principle a German heir residing in Germany who inherits an estate with assets in Spain has to pay inheritance tax both in Spain and in Germany. However, the national German tax regulations for unlimited taxpayers allow for the transfer of inheritance tax paid abroad. Another peculiarity in Spain is that there is an inheritance and gift tax law that is applicable nationally and regionally. The autonomous regulations grant considerably low tax rates or higher exemptions, however these regulations are in most cases not applicable to German non-residents. If the heir or the recipient of the gift is habitually resident outside of Spain, the national inheritance tax law applies to all goods in Spain:
In the case of inheritance, direct descendants and spouses have an allowance of EUR 15,638 and relatives of the 2nd and 3rd degree of EUR 7,831. In individual cases, additional or increased allowances are granted. There are no allowances at all for donations.
In the case of accounts and securities, the account balance or the listed value on the day of the deceased's death is decisive. When valuing real estate, Spanish law is based on the real value (valor real), i.e. the market value. The assessment basis for the Spanish gift or inheritance tax on real estate is therefore not the purchase price at that time according to the document or the cadastral value, but rather the market value at the time of the inheritance or the gift. In Spain, auto-liquidation is common, meaning that the heir states the value of a property in the tax return itself, but it must be ensured that if the value is set too low, the Spanish tax office is capable of subsequent taxation, combined with sensitive fines. Here it is advisable to hire a knowledgeable lawyer in advance to determine the property value relevant to the tax office in advance. In summary, wise and forward-looking estate arrangements can reduce, if not avoid, unnecessary taxation.
We also represent you with your concerns and interests in other European countries. Our qualified and competent advice and representation in Spanish and German law means for us that we as German lawyers and Spanish Abogados represent your concerns in Alicante. And always with the necessary persistence and the necessary specialist knowledge and competence. Simply contact us and simply describe your concerns or interests to us.
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